Reading
blue-triangle-element

Articles

PFRE is the original online resource for real estate and interior photographers. Since 2006, it has been a community hub where like-minded professionals from around the world gather to share information with a common goal of improving their work and advancing their business. With thousands of articles, covering hundreds of topics, PFRE offers the most robust collection of educational material in our field. The history of real estate photography has been documented within these pages.
All Articles
blue-triangle-element

Latest

Woman tweaking the pixels per inch of her images in Lightroom

Do you want to create more defined real estate photos? We're sharing how many pixels per inch can produce high-quality image resolution.

COMMUNITY
blue-triangle-element

Forum

The PFRE Community Forum is an online resource for discussing the art and business of Real Estate and Interior Photography.
Join The Discussion
blue-triangle-element

Latest

View Now
Contest
blue-triangle-element

OVERVIEW

For over a decade, photographers from around the world have participated in PFRE’s monthly photography contests, culminating in the year-end crowning of PFRE’s Photographer of the Year. With a new theme each month and commentary offered by some of the finest real estate & interior photographers anywhere, these contests offer a fun, competitive environment with rich learning opportunities. 

Contest Rules
blue-triangle-element

CURRENT CONTESTS

View / Submit
blue-triangle-element

PAST CONTESTS

View Archive
Resources
blue-triangle-element

Resources

PFRE prides itself on the depth and breadth of the information and professional development resources it makes available to our community. Our goal is to help real estate and interior photographers be successful while bringing the community together and elevating the industry as a whole.
blue-triangle-element

Conference News

No items found

Real Estate Photography Equipment: Get Started For the Least Cost

In: 
Published: 06/05/2021

With all of the camera gear available today, it can be hard to know what real estate photography equipment you actually need, especially when first starting out. Do you actually need the most expensive gear on the market, or are there more affordable options that will work well?

Real Estate Photography Equipment You Need to Get Started

When beginning your real estate photography career, you're likely going to want to get started with the lowest possible cost. Gear can be a huge expense, so we're covering how you can find affordable real estate photography equipment and what to look for.

Avoid Point-and-Shoot (Non-Interchangeable Lens) Cameras

A primary gear driver in real estate photography is a good quality wide angle lens and this means you need a DSLR (interchangeable lenses). Don't even think about using a wide angle converter that screws on a point and shoot, most are total crap!

Buy Ultra Wide-Angle Glass

For real estate photography, the range of effective focal lengths you will want is between 16mm and 24mm. Understand that low-end cropped sensor DSLRs have a 1.5 (Nikon) or 1.6 (Canon) multiplier effect on the effective focal lengths. Spending money on wide angle glass is far more important than spending it on a camera body.

"Kit" lenses (the cheap lenses that manufacturers bundle with low-end DSLRs are not wide enough for interiors. Kit lens typically are in the 18-35mm range (28.8-56mm effective focal length on a Canon body) are not wide enough for shooting interiors. Learn more about the best lenses for real estate photography

For a list of the possibilities see my lens table that shows all the major choices and a reader poll that lists what's popular with PFRE readers.

Pick Any DSLR Body

What we mean is that compared to the wide angle lens you choose, the DSLR body doesn't have all that much effect on your results. We assume that if you are going for the lowest possible cost you will be starting out with a cropped sensor DSLR camera. As cool as they look, you definitely don't need a 360 camera until you're selling that specifically.

Get At Least One Flash

Everyone needs at least one flash: (Yongnuo or Nikon SB80-DX) Lighting is a key issue in real estate photography. While most successful interior photographers eventually realize that multiple small flashes are the way to get the best results, many start out shooting brackets, process with Exposure Fusion and eventually grow into multiple flash technique.

Even if you are going to are going to start out shooting brackets, a single flash improves your results noticeably. This is why we recommend even beginners have at least one flash unit. For processing a series of brackets I recommend using Exposure Fusion (sometimes called blending).

Yongnuo YN-560IV(560III upgrade version,a...

We think it's best to stay away from HDR for interiors because it's just too hard  and too much work to do it well. We only know a handful of people that manage to do HDR interior well, and many of them have moved to Exposure Fusion because it is not as time consuming in post-processing.

Consider Used Equipment for Sale Online

Check craigslist.org or ebay.com or amazon.com for used equipment. There is a lot of good used gear available online. You can save hundreds of dollars by purchasing used gear.

Get a Sturdy Tripod for Your Camera

Manfrotto or other similar sturdy tripod is adequate. We have a guide on picking the best tripod for real estate photographers. You'll probably also want a fluid head for your tripod, but you can opt for just a regular ball head if you're trying to save some money.

Get an inexpensive tripod to use for a flash stand so you can get your flash off your camera and move it around independently of the camera.

Move Your Flash off Your Camera

To move your flash off your camera you'll need some kind of triggering device. We highly recommend getting a trigger, as this will come in handy when you want to use multiple flashes for one location.

Use a Circular Polarizing Filter for Exterior Shots

A polarizing filter is a must for external shots, it makes clouds look great, gives a saturated look to colors.

Basic Questions to Ask

Here are the basic decisions you must make:

  1. You need to use a DSLR. Forget about point-and-shoot and any kind of cell phones for real estate photography. The  underlying reason is you must have a quality wide angle lens and a DSLR is the only way you can do that. This first item is a mandate, not a choice!
  2. Canon, Sony, or Nikon? Any of these manufacturers are fine. In general, Canon and Nikon will maximize your choices for other accessories as you need them. Other brands will work, but you'll just have fewer choices.
  3. New or used? There is a lot of good quality used equipment available on eBay, Amazon and other sites. This is a great way to save some money when you are getting started. However, there is always some risk with buying used equipment.

Gear Recommendations

There is some classic real estate photography gear that's worth highlighting:

  1. Canon DSLRs: The Canon T5 cropped sensor DSLR it is very adequate for real estate photography as are T5IT4IT3I and most older Canon Rebel DSLR like the 6D or 5D MarkIII . See our flash reviews for the Canon 6D, 5D Mark III, and T5I.
  2. Nikon DSLRs: The Nikon D3300 cropped sensor DSLR is very adequate for real estate photography as are the D3100, D3200, D5200, D7000, D90 etc. See our Nikon flash reviews for the D750, D850, and D5300.
  3. Canon 10-22mm wide angle lens: Even though this lens is close to twice as expensive as #2, this is the most popular wide angle lens for real estate photography. Its quality is outstanding. This lens is designed for cropped sensors like Canon Rebels and only works on Canon cropped sensor DSLRs. Don't show up with just a standard Canon 24-70mm lens, you need more.
  4. Canon 10-18mm wide angle lensThe Canon 10-18mm is the newest and cheapest wide lens. This lens was introduced in the spring of 2014 and it's looking like this lens may well be as good as the Canon 10-22mm referenced above and is about have the price.  The new Canon 10-18mm may be the best real estate photography lens for the money ($299) at this time.
  5. Another alternative to wide-angle lens for Canon DSLRs is the Sigma 10-20mm. Serviceable for a lot less money.
  6. Nikon 10-20mm F/4.5-5.6: This lens was introduced in 2017 and for Nikon users, this may be your best choice.
  7. Sigma 10-20mm f/4-5.6 wide angle lens: The best quality wide-angle for the price for Nikon cropped sensor DSLRs is the Sigma 10-20mm. This is the second most popular real estate photography lens. There's a version for Canon, Nikon, Pentax, Minolta, Sony and Samsung DSLR bodies. Its quality is good but not as good as the Canon 10-22mm.
  8. Other alternatives to wide-angle lens for Nikon DSLRs are: Nikon 10-24mm, Sigma 8-16mm and Tokina 11-16mm.
  9. Nikon SB-80DX flash: Even though they are hard to find because they are only available used these little guys are worth the $130 to $145 you'll have to pay for them because they have sensitive built-in optical triggers and have very fine power adjustment.

If we had to pick the best value for your money (new Canon gear) right now it would be the Canon T5 with a 10-18mm lens. You can get this combo for $669 on Amazon. Note that this Canon DSLR and wide-angle lens for roughly $300 less than the Nikon combo below. This is a fairly recent development since Canon announced the 10-18mm lens and the T5 DSLR. The T5 has fewer features than the T5I check here to see if you are willing to live with fewer features.

If we had to pick the best value for you money (new Nikon gear) right now it would be the Nikon D3500 with the Nikon 10-20mm lens.

Nikon D3500 W/ AF-P DX NIKKOR 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G...

Kit Lenses: The prices above assume that you purchase DSLR bodies only. While a kit lens (usually a 18-55mm lens bundled with new DSLRs) make exterior shots look better, a kit lens is not absolutely essential. You can shoot exterior shots with a wide-angle lens racked to the longest focal length.

Miscellaneous items: Besides the DSLR and wide-angle lens you'll also need a few other items:

  1. One or more manual flashes  depending on the shooting technique you decide to use.
  2. Flash trigger to get your flash off your camera.
  3. Light stand for your off camera flash.
  4. Copy of Adobe Lightroom software.

Wayne's Capili Shows How He Travels Light Shooting Real Estate

The photo above is Wayne's (17.60" x 5.20" x 11.69") equipment case with the Sony A6000 that Wayne Capili pointed out to us all back in 2015.  The following is a list of what's in it:

This isn't the cheapest kit but it is the lightest. Yet the quality of results you can gets with the A6000 is amazing! Just to show the results that Wayne get with this small kit, here is Wayne's A6000 Flickr portfolio.

One PFRE reader said, "I discovered using the A6000 one year ago for RE photography. I saw how great it was the very first house I used it on. I got better color, wider dynamic range, much easier to carry around the house, and it reduced my photo time in the house and in post processing by 1/3. It’s a great real estate camera!"

For anyone starting out in real estate, the A6000 would be a great way to go.

For those who don't know Wayne, he is the  first ever PFRE Photographer of the year (in 2008). Also, it's worth noting that Wayne actually regularly uses the equipment on the above list. You can see this by looking at the EXIF info on his Flickr stream.

He has recently also started using an A6300 and a Sony 10-18mm. A little-known tidbit is that Wayne has spent some time working with Ansel Adams! That's what happens to photographers who hang out in Monterey for a long time! Thanks Wayne for all your valuable contributions to the PFRE community!

25 comments on “Real Estate Photography Equipment: Get Started For the Least Cost”

  1. Our beginner setup was a Rebel XTi (owned for a couple years) and a Tamron 10-24mm. I wish we would have just skipped the Tamron and went straight to the Canon 10-22. Love this lens. For flashes, we have the Yongnuo 560s (4). I think these are great for $70/ea. We're using the T3i camera now. Maybe one day we'll move up to a nice full body! It gets us by for the time being!

  2. Not sure about the kit lens advise there Larry. I'd say a camera with just a super wide zoom is pretty limited, even for RE. Once you get outside and start shooting the externals there's usually no need to go too wide, much better to get shots in the more normal range of a kit lens.
    I've got fast zooms in the 17-50 and 50-150 range, but for RE where you can shoot happily at f8 I find the 18-200 to be a really usefull lens.

  3. i agree with Marcus...for most exteriors i switch to my 18-200. I find standing further back reduces the converging lines issue on exteriors.

    My current gear is:
    Nikon D90
    SB 700 flash (1)
    Manfrotto tripod (I did spend money on a good tripod head, i found that helps alot!)

  4. I can't recommend the Sigma 10-20 f/3.5 over the 4.5-5.6. When comparing it to the 4.5-5.6 version of the lens, it's a little more expensive but there's very little barrel distortion, which saves time in post, and a much sharper image. It's a higher quality lens in general. The only issue I have with it is the 82mm filter diameter. This is an obscene size.

    One more piece of equipment I would recommend as a minimum a circular polarizer. It's not absolutely necessary but when doing the exteriors it removes window reflections and really makes clouds pop. The value there is obvious. A cheap one can be had for $30.

  5. @jeff- You are absolutely right about the circular polarizer... it's a must have for exteriors! The image that I use for the header image of the little home on the lake was done with a polarizer. The client we were selling the home for was as photographer. When he saw my first exterior shot of his home he gently reminded me that I should be using a polarizer for this kind of shot... when I reshot it I remember being stunned by the difference it made.

  6. I find I use my wide angle lens for a lot of exteriors as well. Lots are small in this area (most are a little less than 1/4 acre) and often there is a tree in the front yard that forces me to stand even closer in order to actually take a picture of the the house and not just the tree. The only way I can get the house in the shot is to use the wide angle.

  7. I too find myself using my wide angle on most exteriors. I'm always looking for a way to step back and switch lenses but there is always a tree where it shouldn't be or big powerlines in the way. Another note on the circular polarizer, mine stays on almost all the time. It's great for reducing glare on hardwood floors and granite countertops.

  8. I too use my cross polarizer filter on all out door shots. It makes a huge difference in the sky and helps with highlight corrections. Brings more color to the shot. I am using a Tamron 10-24 lense and I use it for all of my interior and exterior shots. I have to make sure I keep the lense very level to avoid distortion. I am using it nearly wide open all the time and I can crop if needed in PP. It is a good lenes for the money. The difuser on my flash is capable of lighting the room with the wide lense. I can't do it without it.

    David

  9. Hey All, this is my first post and thought I might add my 2 cents, which in this current economy is probably only worth 1.3 cents. Anyway, I would like to throw in the Tokina 12-24 F4 if I may. I use it for my landscapes and am just getting my feet wet in RE photography. It's a great lens and like my other Tokina lenses, is very sharp. I had wondered myself about the polarizer for interiors as well; but I only have a Moose filter, so I don't know if it would work or not.

  10. you should add the nikon D3200 to the list. it's a great camera, really cheap considering it has a built in focus motor.

  11. For beginners, as an alternative to Canon, I'd recommend a used D90 body for RE; you can fire a 3-shot bracket at 2 stops each with one press of the shutter button, CA is corrected in-camera (I shoot JPG for RE) and you can pick up a low-mileage body for $500. A used Tokina 12-24 can be had for $250-300, which has correctable distortion (unlike the Sigma) and it keeps you from going to 10mm for every shot (too wide for 95% of shots). It's also built like a tank; my 11-16 (same body) took a launch off the roof of my car at 30 mph and survived! "Blazzeo" flash triggers can be found on ebay for about $30 with 2 receivers and you can find Maxxum 4000 AF flashes for $15-20 and Vivitar 285's for $30 on ebay. Maybe the best purchased I've made though is a Slik 700DX tripod, very impressive for $100.

  12. With regard to using a polarizing filter, I am always mindful when using it outdoors on a wide angle lens. The influence of the polarizer varies according to its angle to the sun. When your camera is at a right angle to the sun you get maximum effect; but, if you face your camera directly at, or away from the sun, you get minimum effect of the polarizer.

    With an ultra-wide angle lens, one edge of your frame might be nearly facing the sun, whereas the opposing edge might be facing 90° away from the sun. This means that you will be able to see the changing influence of your polarizer across a single photo, which results in a graduated sky. Just something to watch for.

  13. Thank you for continuing to provide this excellent resource. I have hired professionals as a result of what I have read here and have also expanded my own inventory to some of my every day work.
    What flash do you recommend using with a canon 5d mark ii when taking interior shots? I was looking for a table like you did for the lenses (how I bought my Canon 10-22mm) but couldn't find one.
    Thank you!!
    Jason

  14. @Jason- Most people who shot interiors with flash use manual flash with the flash(s) off the camera. Scott Hargis's ebook gives all the details on how to do it. If you use Scott's technique I recommend this flash.

  15. My gear is Canon EOS 40D with Tokina 12-24mm f/4. Using good tripod Manfroto for the camera and cheap tripod for flash. Which is Jessops 360AFDC...

  16. Considering upgrading my equipment and looking for real world advice on the better package for real estate photography. Right now I have a Canon T2i with the Tokina 12-24 and thinking of either upgraded both body and lens to Canon T4i and Canon 10-22mm. Now, what I really want to know is if the upgrade to full frame really makes a noticable difference? I'm open to making the investment but want to know if it's really worth it? Thinking Canon 6D vs. the 5D MII with the Canon 16-35mm lens. Would really appreciate some real-world advice from those who have shot with all of these in the field. I'd love to see some photos taken with an APC-S sensor camera so I can realize what is possible. No doubt it may not be my hardware as much as my skill level and post production efforts but I'm just not getting the results I want. My images are rather lifeless lately.

    Thanks,

    Link

  17. Hi Link,
    For real estate work I doubt that you'd be able to tell the difference between a T2i and a T4i. Glass is more important and will make more difference. You would probably be able to tell the difference with a 10-22mm.

    As for the difference between a cropped sensor and a full frame, yes there's a difference but unless you compare the two you will never know if the difference is worth it to you. I would suggest that you rent a 5DMkII + 16-35mm( it only cost $127 for 5 days @ http://www.lensrentals.com/search?q=Canon+16-35&store=canon) and find out if it's worth it to you.

  18. The reason not to waste time on point and shoot cameras is not the lens really. There are some point and shoot cameras out there with 22mm equivalent to 35mm lenses, eg the new Sony DSC-H200. The problem with them is the sensor is too small and thus very noisy for many indoor shots. That Sony has 1/2.3" size sensor, compare that to APS-C's 1.6".

  19. Just wondering if anyone is using the Nikon 24mm tilt/shift lens for projects? As I make the transition from Weddings/Portraits to RE, I was considering selling a body or two as well as a couple of my lenses to purchase this one. I shoot, mainly, with my D3 and have a D300S for backup. I have a 17-35 2.8 - do you think I need to purchase (used, of course) something wider, or will this do for the time being? My favs for portraiture is my fixed focus 85mm, 1.4 & my 70-200, 2.8. I see that some of you are using the 70-200 for exteriors.

    Just in case anyone is wondering, WHY? Honestly, I am sick of the gross amount of post production from weddings. I officially shot my last wedding 10 months ago and feel so much better! I was only taking about 350 images at a wedding (compared to my much cheaper counterparts, shooting 2000+), but with three young children - I found myself at the computer more than with them (Daughters 6,9,12). My husband used to help me but he is in med school (mid-life career change) and I, too, am ready for a change.

    Additionally, many thanks to Larry as well as all of the contributors. Although I have been in the business for many years (I grew up shooting medium format Mamya & Hasselblad weddings/portraits), I can see that there is still so much to learn. I am looking forward to beginning this new adventure with your help!

  20. @Lisa- 24-T/S and 17-35 are perfect on a D3. My folks use 24 T/S extensively but neither lens will be wide enough on a D300s. An effective focal length of between 17mm and 24mm best for interiors. Best of luck in your new adventure.

  21. I can tell you that the best lens I found was the Tokina 11MM-16MM fixed F2.8 AP! Compared to what you will pay for a Nikon, this lens is the better buy! I am a Realtor and get on average 10-15 listings a month. I only get to shoot about half of them with Nikon D7000 and when I look at photo's other Agents use, I just cant believe the client would be happy with them! Its by far one of the most important tools a Realtor should have...a good NIkon/Canon with wide angle camera and separate flash. Photography is now a passion of mind and I am just beginner so I need to learn how to manipulate flash. For now, I use photoshop CS6.

  22. These tips are spot on. The last thing you want to do is lug around a lot of gear while trying to shoot in a home.
    The only thing I might add to list is a good light modifier to soften the flash- if you cant bounce your flash sometimes you get ugly shadows.

  23. Although, this article is a bit dated. The philosophy holds true today. There are good pieces of equipment available for low cost or at least relatively low cost. It would be interesting to see an updated version of this post.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

magnifiercrossmenucross-circle