PFRE is the original online resource for real estate and interior photographers. Since 2006, it has been a community hub where like-minded professionals from around the world gather to share information with a common goal of improving their work and advancing their business. With thousands of articles, covering hundreds of topics, PFRE offers the most robust collection of educational material in our field. The history of real estate photography has been documented within these pages.
All Articles


Living room and kitchen interior shot

Are you wondering at what height to set your tripod? When should you shoot lower or higher? Height consistency is essential in real estate photography, so we're going to discuss the appropriate shooting level for different parts of a property, including factors for changing height when shooting across one.



The PFRE Community Forum is an online resource for discussing the art and business of Real Estate and Interior Photography.
Join The Discussion


View Now


For over a decade, photographers from around the world have participated in PFRE’s monthly photography contests, culminating in the year-end crowning of PFRE’s Photographer of the Year. With a new theme each month and commentary offered by some of the finest real estate & interior photographers anywhere, these contests offer a fun, competitive environment with rich learning opportunities. 

Contest Rules


View / Submit


View Archive


PFRE prides itself on the depth and breadth of the information and professional development resources it makes available to our community. Our goal is to help real estate and interior photographers be successful while bringing the community together and elevating the industry as a whole.

Conference News

No items found

Do You Use Manual Or AutoFocus When Shooting Real Estate?

Published: 09/02/2015

FocusDiana recently asked a great question:

I am racking my brain this morning trying to figure out some settings on my new camera and was hoping you could easily answer this for me as I've spent a few hours on my own frustrated. So I currently shoot with a Canon 70D which I've loved but decided to upgrade to the Canon 5D Mark iii. On the 70D my settings are: one shot autofocus, 19 point autofocus mode, evaluative metering, I shoot in AV, bracket out 7 pics. So with the 5D I cannot figure out what to set my autofocus point to as there seems to be a hell of alot of options! I don't know if I should do the 61 points or 15 points? I don't know what to chose in the "Select AF area select mode." I was thinking 61 Pt., but I know alot of re photographers do spot AF. I never have with my 70D, but this camera is so different to me. Any other AF points you think are important to point out would be greatly appreciated. Also fyi, I do not use flash, yet..If that makes a difference, I don't know. I figured out everything else just this part stumps me.

First of all if you are shooting brackets you should turn AutoFocus off because you want to make sure focus stays exactly the same for all frames of the bracket sequence. A change in focus between frames would cause softening in the edges of the final image.

In general, what many real estate photographers do is turn Autofocus to manual and set the focus to the hyperfocal distance. The hyperfocal distance is defined as the focus distance which places the furthest edge of a depth of field at infinity. With wide-angle lenses set f/5.6 and smaller apertures and focus set to the hyperfocal distance everything from a meter or two to infinity will be in focus.

Even if you choose to work with autofocus on because you will be using a wide-angle lens at relatively small apertures everything in the image will almost always be in focus.

Update 2/9/2015: Thanks to Scott DuBose for pointing out the handy DOF calculator. Also Back button autofocus as pointed out by Tom Zaczyk looks interesting.

Anyone else have any advice for Diana?


Larry Lohrman

21 comments on “Do You Use Manual Or AutoFocus When Shooting Real Estate?”

  1. With my Sony A6000 I only photograph using one RAW file, I never bracket, aperture preferred, F/10, 16mm (aps-c sensor) and auto focus. 99% of the time AF works and if not I go to MF.

  2. Larry & Diana
    I agree, that manual focus and setting the hyperfocal distance was always the best way to make sure everything is in focus. it was the way we shot weddings in dark halls and churches.
    That was easier on the older film lenses, and some of the hi-end newer lenses. But being a Nikon user (don't know Canon lenses) I've noticed that not all the newer lenses have the markings to show the hyperfocal distance. Nikon has lowered its quality on many lenses to keep the prices down, including the now plastic filter threads and lens hood mounts. The image quality on many of their lenses are good, but the build is very flimsy.

    I'll use auto Focus and Auto aperture mode outside, but indoors, I almost always use manual focus and manual exposure.
    Because I find my vision not as acute as it was when I was in my 20s, many times, I use the Nikon Right angle magnifier finder on my D-7000 and D-300 (it wont fit my D-700) which helps with critical focus and allows me to not bend down on low angle shots. (sometimes I use a Hoodman Loupe to check images)
    Since my lens is an f-4, I try to stop down about 2 stops for sharpness and depth of field. So, indoors, I try to shoot between 5.6 and 8 at about ISO 400.
    once you get used to manual focus, you will start to understand how your lens works and how to focus about 1/3 into the image room and know what will be in focus.

    Just remember to re-set to auto focus when you get outside, or you might be very upset when you realize your outdoor photos are out of focus and the lens is still set to 4-6 feet......................I know I was.

  3. I do want to add, on nearly all indoor photos I use bounce fill light to help fill in shadows and it also helps to make whites in the image more natural.

  4. I shoot a 70D with a Sigma 8-16mm. I'm usually shooting at 10-12mm, and I bracket 7 shots and shoot a single flash shot. I shoot mostly at f/8. Set up the camera by auto-focusing on an object 4-6 feet away, check the image with magnification to make sure distant objects are sharp, as well as near objects. Then I turn off autofocus and, being careful not to move it, tape the manual focus ring so that it can't move. I'll spot check my shots periodically to make sure they're sharp, but I'll leave the lens at that setting for weeks at a time.

    This works great with an ultra-wide zoom on an APS-C camera. If I switched to a full frame camera, I'd want to experiment to make sure this worked with the longer focal lengths that entails.

  5. My vision tells auto focus more than my eyes. One time I looked through the viewfinder and never would focus, then realized I didn't have my glasses on. But seriously, has never been an issue with an UWA lens and doubt I could manually micro-fucus any more accurately than autofocus with interiors typically shot at f10-f14. Below f9, windows begin to have clarity issues. The biggest risk is forgetting I set it on manual...which I have done with a telephoto after doing a video focus pull. Then reviewing the next shot - why is it out of focus?...oh yeah. At least I remember to change the ISO between interior and exterior, but occasionally get a reminder as my lights are not lighting the room as they should.

  6. I do three things to make it simple and no errors. I use Sony a99 but I'm sure any SLR can do the same. Set on spot focus and center weighted exposure.
    Halfway push focus button when its on the object I want to focus on and hold it half way.
    I move the camera around the scene until I see the exposure I want to capture in my EVF. At that point I push the EVL button (with my thumb) locking in my exposure.
    Move the camera around to set the exact composition.
    Finish pushing the shutter button.
    Works like a charm for me.

  7. good question, I want to ask that allsoallso. I focus manuel, 10-24 mm, at about 15-18mm. A f 8-9 where should be best to focus in the room, at the middle, 1/3 in to the room, to have deaph of filed for the hole room.

  8. Autofocus for me, using the center AF point only. That way, it wont adversely focus on something I don't want it to. Even if I shoot brackets, unless I bump the tripod, the focus doesn't change. The only time I expand the number of focus points is when there isn't enough contrast for the camera to lock focus. I use the same method for events & weddings to keep from focusing on the wrong person. And besides, on the 6d, the center AF point is the most accurate.

  9. I take the camera off the tripod
    Use 1 point autofocus (using back button focus)
    Focus on an edge with high contrast about 1/3 depth into image
    Put camera back on tripod and Leave it on autofocus for all other exposures
    The focus won't change if you're using back button, so no need to switch to manual

    Images should be sharp all the way through as long as you are shooting fairly wide

  10. I will be shooting with the 5D and 16-35 mm lens. Tim W you touched on my other question which was the camera settings. As anyone who uses the 5D knows there are 5 different categories in camera to set up. If you shoot manual do those not matter? Sorry if that's a stupid question, but they still seem to matter as far as I can tell. I do shoot autofocus now with my 70D and have no issues getting clean shots but my settings aren't as expansive. Can anyone shooting RE with a 5D touch on the camera settings, not the lens? Read my post above where I'm having some confusion. Thanks!!!!

  11. I use DOF Calc by Jesper Svensson on my Android phone. There should be something for IOS too. Free and very handy.

    I work with both MF and AF. In a nicely lit room, AF works just fine. Sometimes in a darker room I need to use manual focus and maybe cheat a little if there isn't a convenient object to focus on at the distance I want.

    I wouldn't say that one outweighs the other. Just like many other things in photography, "it depends". For brackets, get your focus point and switch to manual focus so the camera doesn't change it's mind in the middle of the sequence and mess you up. I don't find that MF slows me down appreciably or that AF is enough faster to make a difference when shooting RE.

    If you find yourself shooting larger homes more frequently, it might be your best move to worked tethered to a laptop to have a nice big, and calibrated, screen to check images. With all of the wireless options today, it's pretty easy to do.

  12. I've got to agree with Tom. Back button auto focus is the way to go. This uncouples the shutter release from the autofocus event so that once you have used the back button to obtain focus on a stationary object it doesn't matter what you do with the shutter release. The focus doesn't change unless you manually change it or you press the back button an additional time. Watch the video.

  13. When I first began photographing real estate, I used autofocus. I did this because I simply moved my lights and triggers out of site and did some dodging,burning and corrections in lightroom. However, I use composting and light-painting techniques to achieve visual impact. Therefore, I need to lock focus on my 14-24. Autofocus causes it to breathe a little, which changes the focal length. It's just enough to screw things up. Once in a while I forget, and I have to run auto alight in PS to fix things. My only concern is that I make eventually wear out the switch, given that it is used on a daily basis. Lastly, If I really want to get creative, I sometimes focus stack to get foreground to background detail.

  14. Based on the fact that she is using 7 exposures it's reasonable to assume she is autobracketing the exposures. I don't have any documentation to back this up but imo this happens way too fast for the camera to be focusing between every shot (nor would it make sense to). Like Larry said with a UWA it's pretty hard to miss your focus, so I would say auto is the most efficient way to go. Watch your viewfinder as you focus at half press and as long as you didn't red light that doorknob 2 feet away, full press, back off, and let the timer finish the job.

  15. I shoot with a Nikon D7000. Auto Focus for photos, center weighted. All other settings in manual. I also generally shoot full motion video of the same room after doing bracketed stills. Camera goes into manual focus for video. I cut my teeth shooting video many years ago. I don't trust a camera in auto focus for video ever. I use a Zacuto Loupe because these things are impossible to focus in live-view mode without it.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *