PFRE is the original online resource for real estate and interior photographers. Since 2006, it has been a community hub where like-minded professionals from around the world gather to share information with a common goal of improving their work and advancing their business. With thousands of articles, covering hundreds of topics, PFRE offers the most robust collection of educational material in our field. The history of real estate photography has been documented within these pages.
All Articles


Editing images on Lightroom

Lightroom is a comprehensive photo editing and image management software. It allows photographers to complete their photography workflow such as importing, processing, and exporting images. But how much is Lightroom? Is it worth the price? Although Lig ...



The PFRE Community Forum is an online resource for discussing the art and business of Real Estate and Interior Photography.
Join The Discussion


View Now


For over a decade, photographers from around the world have participated in PFRE’s monthly photography contests, culminating in the year-end crowning of PFRE’s Photographer of the Year. With a new theme each month and commentary offered by some of the finest real estate & interior photographers anywhere, these contests offer a fun, competitive environment with rich learning opportunities. 

Contest Rules


View / Submit


View Archive


PFRE prides itself on the depth and breadth of the information and professional development resources it makes available to our community. Our goal is to help real estate and interior photographers be successful while bringing the community together and elevating the industry as a whole.

Conference News

No items found

How to Stitch Photos in Lightroom

Published: 30/04/2021

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.

While photographing for real estate, we often feel the need to get a 360-degree view. This is especially useful in interior photography, where panoramic views show the complete picture. If you know how to stitch photos in Lightroom Classic, you can create marvelous panoramas using differently framed, overlapping images of the property.  

How to Stitch Photos in Lightroom Using the Photo Merge Option

Stitching photos using different overlapping shots is a great way to show the entire view of a property in a single image. The option to shoot a panoramic view is available in digital cameras and even mobile phones these days. But a significantly better quality can be achieved using Lightroom Classic CC.

Lightroom allows you to stitch various photos using the Photo merge option. You can create panoramas and HDR panoramas (for exposure bracketing) using this feature. What’s even better is that the process is extremely straightforward.

Understanding Panoramas in Lightroom

The panoramas created by Lightroom are in the RAW/DNG format, allowing you to edit them like you would edit any other image in Lightroom. Moreover, the resolution of the panorama is much higher, so that you can use it for bigger displays.

You need to take care of a few things while capturing images for a panorama.

  • Create consistency between all the shots by manually adjusting the shutter speed, ISO, aperture, and White Balance of your camera.
  • Use a tripod to capture the series of images. 
  • Overlap your images by at least one-third for seamless merging.
  • Keep the focus steady throughout the shots. This is a very important step that you must not ignore if you are looking for a seamlessly stitched panorama.

Step 1: Enable Profile Correction 

Selecting the lens profile assists Lightroom in the photo merging process. You can enable the Lens Profile Correction using the following steps.

  1. Go to the Develop module of Lightroom.
  2. From the right panel, scroll down to see the Lens Correction box.
  3. Click on the Profile tab.
  4. Enable the checkbox of Profile Correction.

Sync these settings across all the images in your Lightroom catalog. Doing this will correct any common lens aberrations and vignettes in the photos. 

Step 2: Select Source Photos

Next, you need to import your captured images into Lightroom. 

  1. Insert your Memory card, or connect your camera to your computer.
  2. In the Library module of Lightroom, click on the Import option shown on the left hand side panel.
  3. Select the Photos you want to stitch, and click on Import.

The images will now be shown as thumbnails in your Lightroom catalog’s grid view. It is now time to stitch them to create a perfect panorama.

  1. Select the photos for merging using the multi-select option. You can click on the first image in the series, press down SHIFT, and click on the last image. This will select the series of photos.

Step 3: Merge the Photos

  1. Right click on one of the selected images, and go to Photo Merge. Choose Panorama.
Merging photos with Panorama option in Lightroom
  1. You can also go to the Photos menu and choose Photo Merge > Panorama. This will open up the Panorama Merge Preview dialog box.
  2. There is also a keyboard shortcut for Panorama, which is CTRL+M (Windows) or CMD+M (Mac).

In the Photo Merge Preview, you will get to choose the projection of the panorama, plus customization options to crop and fill edges automatically. 

Selecting Projection in when merging images to Panorama in Lightroom

Step 4: Select Projection

The projection of the panorama determines how to handle the images and any distortion. Lightroom does a satisfactory job at choosing the projection for your panorama automatically so that you can check the Auto Select Projection. Otherwise, there are three ways you can choose to project the photos.


The spherical projection is the default projection for panoramas in Lightroom. It shows the images as if they are exhibited on the inner side of a sphere. This projection is perfect for wide 360 degree panoramas and results in an image that doesn’t seem unnaturally stretched. 


This projection is ideal when you are looking to keep the vertical lines straight. It projects the images as if they were laid out on the outer side of a cylinder. Cylindrical projection is not recommended for landscape photos. 


The perspective projection uses the middle image perspective to lay out the panorama. Since it can sometimes stretch the photos towards the edges, you need to be careful while choosing it for images with short focal lengths. 

Auto Crop

We advise you to check the Auto Crop option so that any white spaces created while forming the panorama are automatically removed. It will save your time that you would put in to crop the stitched photo manually.

Boundary Warp

The Boundary Warp slider helps to give finishing touches to the panorama’s boundary. You can adjust the slider between 1-100 to check which level works best for the particular panorama that you are creating.

Fill Edges

If you choose to Fill Edges, Lightroom will automatically fill in the uneven edges in the panorama.

Step 5: Select to Merge 

After choosing the above options, it’s now time to click on Merge. Lightroom will take some time to create your panorama. Once it is created, you can see it in your catalog besides the source photos. You can now go on to edit and export the stitched panorama as you normally do. 

Stitching Photos for HDR Panorama 

Besides stitching photos to create panoramas, Lightroom Classic CC also gives an option to generate HDR for exposure bracketing. 

  1. Select photos of the same view with varying exposures.
  2. Right click on the selected photos, and select Photo Merge.
  3. Choose HDR. Or, you can press CTRL + H (on Windows) or CMD + H (on Mac) to create an HDR panorama.
Stitching photos for HDR Panorama
  1. Go on to select the options from the Panorama Merge Preview dialog, and click on Merge

Remember that the images you select for HDR must have the Exposure metadata in them. All of them must have different exposure values.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which Image Format is Ideal for Panoramas? 

RAW files produce the ideal result in panoramas as they provide complete information to Lightroom about the lens profile. The panorama created with RAW images is much more detailed, plus Lightroom offers a lot more editing versatility with it. Besides RAW, Lightroom can stitch photos in JPEG, PNG, DNG, TIFF, and PSD formats.

Which Lightroom Versions Have the Panorama Merge Feature? 

The Photo Merge option is available in Lightroom Classic CC’s version 6 and above. Hence, it is advisable to update your software to the latest version in order to use this feature.

Why Am I Getting an “Unable to Merge Photos” Message?

If you are getting an “unable to merge photos” notification, it means that the images you have selected don’t have overlapping details or have mismatched perspectives. Another issue may be that your images differ in sizes or focal lengths.

Can I Edit Panoramas in Lightroom? 

You can edit panoramas in Lightroom. Like any other process in Lightroom, Photo Merge is also a non-destructive process. It saves the panorama in RAW or DNG format, giving you complete access to edit it in the Develop module. Avoid editing individual images before you stitch them to avoid messing up the exposure in the final result. 


Lightroom Classic CC provides a user-friendly way to do so with its intuitive Photo Merge option when it comes to stitching photos. All you need is a basic understanding of the image requirements for merging them via the software. We hope that the above tutorial will be helpful for your to create exceptional panoramas with your real estate photos. 

Latest posts by PFRE Team (see all)