Over the years we've had a lot of heated discussions here about ethics of image modification in the context of real estate photography. I think the subject is important enough that I have a separate page dedicated to summarizing the consensus that has evolved out of these discussions over the years.
Here is a general outline of that consensus:
- Real estate photographers typically work for the listing agent and in some cases will be asked to modify photographs of properties for sale.
- Listing agents everywhere have a legal responsibility to not materially misrepresent a property.
- Modifying or removing temporary objects like garbage cans, cars, overcast skies etc is customary and generally not considered materially misrepresenting the property.
- Removing permanent objects like power lines, telephone poles, neighboring homes etc. are customarily considered materially misrepresenting the property because they hide undesirable permanent property features.
- Landscaping seems to be an area where not everyone agrees. Landscaping seems to be in between permanent and temporary. Many people believe that fixing defects in the grass or landscaping is OK where as others believe it is not OK. When there is some question about if a feature is permanent or temporary it's safest to treat it as a permanent feature.
In summary the photographer is working for the listing agent, not the potential buyer and representation of the property is the listing agent's legal responsibility, not the photographers. However, prudence suggests that if the photographer is asked to modify photographs they believe materially misrepresents the property, they should document in writing the fact they are modifying the photograph at the agents request.